@serafina_smart feces: Muss uns beide korrigieren, Comte de Mellet war wohl
der erste – im 18.Jhd.
(Auszug aus: )
"The following two essays appear in Volume 8, Book 1, pages 365-410 of the
work Monde Primitif, analysé et comparé avec le monde moderne (The
Primitive World, analyzed and compared with the modern world). The nine
volumes of this unfinished work were published in Paris over the period
1773-82. The eighth volume appeared in 1781.
The first essay, titled Du Jeu des Tarots, was written by Court de Gébelin
himself; the author of the second, titled Recherches sur les Tarots, et sur
la Divination par les Cartes des Tarots, par M. Le C. de M. (Study on the
Tarots, and on Divination with Tarot cards, by M. the C. of M.), has been
identified as Louis Raphaël Lucrèce de Fayolle, the Comte de Mellet
It appears that Court de Gébelin had the essay by the Comte de Mellet in
his possession when he wrote his own work on the Tarot, and was influenced
by its contents. De Mellet probably composed his work independently, prior
to reading Court de Gébelin's essay, although he was aware of some of Court
de Gébelin's ideas about the Tarot.
Court de Gébelin's essay is noteworthy for establishing the Tarot as a
repository of esoteric wisdom, for placing its origins in ancient Egypt,
for linking the dissemination of the Tarot throughout Europe with the
Gypsies, for alluding to the connection between the 22 trumps and 22
letters of the Hebrew alphabet, and for placing the Fool firmly at the head
of the trumps, rather than at their end, its previous traditional location.
His views exerted a profound influence on later writers on the Tarot, even
though most of his assertions are incorrect. The Tarot was probably not
deliberately designed as a book of esoteric wisdom; it did not originate in
Egypt; it has no ancient connection with the Gypsies; the similarity in
number between the trumps and the Hebrew letters may be accidental; there
is no hard evidence supporting the location of the Fool at the head of the
The Comte de Mellet's essay is significant for his inverted ordering of the
trumps that begins with the World and ends with the Fool, for his
explicit linking of the individual trumps with individual Hebrew
, for his exposition of the method of Tarot divination in use in
his day, and for his presentation of the esoteric names and meanings
associated with many of the cards."